عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, observance of "citizenship rights" is considered as one of the measures of the people's rule and also the effectiveness of political systems. In the past, such a notion of rights was not available to all citizens of a state. In fact, there were limited rights for some groups in some societies. In the history of political thought, various interpretations of the notion of citizenship have taken place, insofar as the concept of virtue-based and participatory ethics has evolved into a law-based and law-based conception. Citizenship is one of the key concepts in the history of Western political thought, which has been based on a variety of intellectual traditions, reflecting different political and social backgrounds since ancient times. The present paper responds to the question of how membership in a political community has become a criterion for enjoying certain rights under citizenship rights? Utilizing "conceptual history" as a method in the history of political thought, it reinforces the claim that the transformation of the concept of right has implications for political thought, one of which is the emergence of equitable citizenship rights.