نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد، گروه علوم سیاسی و روابط بین‌الملل، دانشگاه گیلان، گیلان، ایران.

2 دکتری روابط بین‌الملل، دانشگاه گیلان، گیلان، ایران.

10.22034/sej.2020.1895020.1232

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی روابط متقابل هند با روسیه و آمریکا در اوراسیا و هند- اقیانوسیه در شرایط نوین جهانی و نیز ارزیابی تحولات تدریجی و اثرگذار هند در این دو منطقه با بهره‌گیری از نظریه منطقه‌ی ژئوپلیتیکی بود. فرض بر این است که روابط متقابل درون مثلث به دلیل رشد قدمت هند در عرصه بین‌المللی و همچنین رقابت مداوم بین آمریکا و روسیه برای وفاداری به هند، از اهمیت ویژه‌ای برخوردار است .همچنین با توجه به تلاش‌های دهلی‌نو برای تبدیل شدن به یک قدرت جهانی تأثیرگذار، هند مجبور خواهد شد معاملات بیشتری انجام دهد، بنابراین از روابط نزدیک خود با واشنگتن و مسکو استفاده می‌کند. روش تحقیق توصیفی- تحلیلی بوده و نتایج نشان داد، وخیم‌تر شدن روابط روسیه و آمریکا مانع از دستیابی هر نوع همکاری سه جانبه می‌شود. علی‌رغم حفظ دوستی سنتی و اعتماد متقابل، به نظر نمی‌رسد که روابط هند و روسیه پاسخ‌گوی واقعیت‌های زمان باشد.گرچه واشنگتن و مسکو همکاری با دهلی‌نو را به عنوان نشانه‌ای از رشد تعامل منطقه‌ای به ترتیب در هند - اقیانوس آرام و اوراسیا می‌دانند، اما هر دو کشور وقتی صحبت از گسترش همکاری می‌شود، با مقاومت خاصی از طرف هند روبرو هستند. چین یک متغیر کلیدی برای الگوی مثلث ایالات متحده، هند و روسیه است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Strategic Competitions between Powerful Countriesin India-Oceania and Eurasia

نویسندگان [English]

  • Reza Simbar 1
  • Danyal Rezapoor 2

1 Professor, Political Science and International Relations, University of Guilan, Guilan, Iran.

2 PhD., International Relations, University of Guilan, Guilan, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present study is to investigate bilateral ties between India-Eurasia (Russia and the United States) and India-Oceania in new world conditions and also to assess the gradual transformations of India effective in the above 2 regions using the theory of geopolitical region. The hypothesis is that bilateral relations in the triangle of India, U.S.A and Russia is of special importance with regard to the growing history of India in the international realm and an ongoing competition between the U.S.A and Russia to remain faithful to India. Furthermore, with respect to the efforts of New Delhi to become an influential world power, India will have to do more trades; therefore, it makes use of its close relations with Washington and Moscow. The method of the study is descriptive-analysis and the results showed that deteriorating relations between Russia and the U.S.A is a hindrance to achieve trilateral cooperation. Despite traditional friendship and mutual trust between India and Russia, it seems that relations between the two countries cannot meet the realities today. Although Washington and Moscow regard relationship with New Delhi as a sign of growing regional ties in India-Pacific Ocean and Eurasia, they face with a special resistance from the Indian counterpart when it comes to developing ties. China is considered as a key variable in the triangle model between the U.S.A, India, and Russia.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • U.S.A
  • India
  • Russia
  • Indian Ocean
  • Eurasia

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