عنوان مقاله [English]
The concept of the council, an Islamic instruction along with the other religious instructions, enjoys appropriate conceptual and theoretical
potential which are along the discussion of the religious democracy.
Although in the religious texts the concept of the council has been in
the center of the attention and theories of the Muslim scholars for a
long time, the Iranians thinkers revisited it in their reflections once
again through the Iranians’ acquaintance with the modernity and
such concepts as the parliament, election, voting and representation.
This theoretical attempt formed for the first time in the period of
constitutionalism. Also in the experience of the Islamic republic, the
theoretical participation of the people extended from the level of
decision making and law making to the level of developing systems
and structures; practically as well, the necessary mechanisms were
provided for the realization of a consultative life at the general and
specialized levels. This experience, along the way of the religious
democracy, has taken effective steps. The present article is the study
of the Iranian experience of the council, especially in the Islamic
republic regime.To this end, the position of the concept of the council
in the religious texts, the first consultative life experience in the
period of constitutionalism, and the Iranian experience of the council
in the Islamic republic will be studied.