عنوان مقاله [English]
A History of Distributional Development and Accumulative Development (A Study on Two Approaches toward Development:Islamic and Modernization of the Old)
Development and modernization have a history as long as the human
history; however, the relevant theoretical discussions and
theorizations formed mostly after world war the second. Just the
same, the relationship and association of these issues with the
religious instructions, particularly the Shiite ones, have remained
ambiguous. Of course, some suggestions have been presented after
the Islamic revolution in this regard; however, they are not enough.
Therefore, the questionswhich still remain to be answered are whether
there are any views concerning the issue of the theoretical
development; and how they differ from the western views. It seems
that the development model based on the previous modernization
theories, which believed in the principle of the contrast between the
traditionalism and modernism, are based on accumulation of wealth,
and the first principle to be considered for them is negligence toward
justice. However, the Shiite Islamic approach relies on distribution of
the wealth and it emphasizes on the flow of the wealth, growth and
development. The present article is the report of a comparative study
of two development approaches, i.e. distributional and accumulative.
The distributional model is based on the divine‐Islamic values;
however, the western development model is based on discovering the
nature in order to manipulate it, and it is a materialist approach.