عنوان مقاله [English]
The subject of discussion is germane to an Islamic system based on the
theory of jurisprudent’s authority, and from a jurisprudential and
religious perspective, a fully qualified jurist must lead it on the one
hand, and on the other hand, a president is introduced as the
executive in‐charge of affairs. Thus, in the case of any trouble
between them, what are the correct and logical solutions from the
perspective of political jurisprudence?
This paper investigates and elaborates on the relation between the two
pillars of government in the Islamic system by analyzing the
jurisprudential and religious principles and constitutional articles as
to the supreme leader and president.
Of the advantages of this discussion is that it evinces that if, from the
perspective of religio‐jurisprudential principles, the supreme leader is
in charge of all governmental affairs and has the right to deal with
executive issues and affairs, the role of the president is either a
ceremonial one or to the extent of an executive deputy, and the
votes that people cast are either for the expediency of the Islamic
society or out of kindness and favor to people on the part of the
Assuming that, the supreme leader will, therefore, be accountable for
the present issues and events; however, if a president is in charge of
all executive affairs and holds a supervisory and controlling position,
it is the president that will be responsible for events and the actions
by members of the executive, given his executive power.