عنوان مقاله [English]
This is a comparative view of the role of political culture in the difficulty of consolidating democracy in South Korea and Iran. More than three decades have passed since the Republic of South Korea and the Islamic Republic of Iran have entered a transition to democracy. But in both countries, the institutionalization of democracy and its consolidation face a variety of difficulties. One of the important reasons analysts point out for this problem are barriers to the values and perspectives of traditional traditional culture among the citizens and political elites of the two countries. The question that has been considered in this article is how can the elements related to cultural beliefs and attitudes affect the path of consolidation of democracy in the two countries of South Korea and Iran? The hypothesis that has been studied in relation to this question is that there is a significant relationship between the past beliefs and attitudes of the two countries of South Korea and Iran, and the difficulties of establishing and developing the morale and democratic behavior among the people and political elites of the two countries. It can be seen that a correlation between cultural variables and inconsistent behavior with the standards of democracy in these two countries can be observed.