عنوان مقاله [English]
The relationship and ratio between philosopher king, charisma and Imam has been analyzed in the system of thinking of many of Muslim philosophers in different ideational aspects in the mid-centuries of Islam. Each of them has expressed views is this regard based on their own socio-political ideas from among whom Farabi, Avicenna, Al-Mawardi, Ibn Taqtaqi, Khwajeh Nezam Al-Molk, Ghazali, Ibn Taymiyya, Mesquiyya Razi, Fadlullah Ruzbahan Khanji et.al can be named. Of course, the issue of philosopher king before being centralized by Muslim philosophers had been regarded as Platonic political views and accordingly, the effects of ideas of Plato and even Aristotle on the Islamic philosophers opinions cannot be abandoned just as this is clearly seen in ideas of Farabi, Avicenna and other thinkers. Therefore, the common features of three components of philosopher king, charisma and Imam demand contemplation in the eyes of Shiism.